ETRP Phase I >> Components of Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project >> Component1

Housing Reconstruction (US$596.8 million, about 87.5% of total)

This component will have three sub-components:

  • provision of transit shelter as needed and upgrading of services in temporary shelter sites (US$5.9 million);
  • repair and reconstruction of existing houses, construction of new houses, and the necessary related services and community infrastructure such as access roads, internal roads, water supply, latrines, storm drains, electrification, rain water harvesting structures, and limited community infrastructure facilities such as community halls, anganwadi (nursery schools), primary schools, etc. in the habitations (US$571.5 million); and
  • resettlement of the families affected by the Project (US$19.4 million).

In-situ housing reconstruction would be pursued to the extent possible. Most housing construction will be carried out by the beneficiaries either through individual effort which is the case in Pondicherry or through Self-Help Groups (SHGs) as is the case in Tamil Nadu. Yet, allowance is made for public-private partnerships and direct contracting by the public departments/ agencies to respond to particular situations where such approaches may be more effective.

The Project is expected to help repair or reconstruct about 140,000 damaged houses in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. Provision for resettlement of an estimated 3,000 families who may be affected by the removal of encroachment on government owned land, for housing the tsunami affected people in Chennai, is also made in the Project. Project activities may result in additional need for resettlement of families who were not affected by the tsunami. However, the number of such cases is expected to be rather small. A clear picture will emerge when the beneficiary surveys are completed and their choices are incorporated in sub-project formulation. In all cases resettlement will be carried out in accordance with the principles and guidelines of the agreed Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), and Resettlement Plans will be prepared based on the findings of the social screening of sub-projects. (Detailed description of the component is provided in Attachment 1).