TAMIL NADU AT A GLANCE 2020

 

TAMIL NADU AT A GLANCE 2020

1 GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION

 

          North Latitude Between        8   5'   and   13 35'

       East Longitude Between     76 15'   and   80 20'

                                            

2 DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Area :     130058 Sq.Kms

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

POPULATION

:

Census 2011

Nos.

72147030

Rural

 :

37229590

Urban

 :

34917440

Density

 :

Sq.Kms

555

Sex Ratio

 :

for 1000 males

996

By Sex

 :

Nos.

 

Male

:

36137975

Female

:

36009055

LITERATES

 :

51837507

    Male

:

28040491

    Female

:

23797016

SCHEDULED CASTE POPULATION

 :

14438445

      Male

 :

7204687

      Female

 :

7233758

SCHEDULED TRIBE POPULATION

 :

794697

      Male

 :

401068

      Female

 :

393629

TOTAL WORKERS

 :

32884681

      Male

 :

21434978

      Female

 :

11449703

MAIN WORKERS

 :

27942181

      Male

 :

18961194

      Female

 :

 

 

8980987

MAIN CULTIVATORS

 :

Census 2011

Nos.

3855375

      Male

 :

2512165

      Female

 :

1343210

MAIN AGRICULTURAL LABOURS

 :

7234101

      Male

 :

3808523

      Female

 :

3425578

MAIN HOUSEHOLD INDUSTRIES

 :

1119458

      Male

 :

514637

      Female

 :

604821

MAIN OTHER WORKERS

 :

15733247

      Male

 :

12125869

      Female

 :

3607378

MARGINAL  WORKERS

 :

4942500

      Male

 :

2473784

      Female

 :

2468716

MARGINAL CULTIVATORS

 :

393082

      Male

 :

220314

      Female

 :

172768

MARGINAL AGRICULTURAL LABOURS

 :

2372446

      Male

 :

1034184

      Female

 :

1338262

MARGINAL HOUSEHOLD INDUSTRIES

 :

245435

      Male

 :

76495

      Female

 :

168940

NON WORKERS

 :

39262349

      Male

 :

14702997

     Female

 

   

24559352

    Growth Rate of Population

:

in %

15.61

 

3 VITAL STATISTICS

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

   Birth Rate (SRS)

:

2018

 (per 1000)

14.7

   Rural 

:

14.8

    Urban

:

14.6

   Death Rate (SRS)

:

6.5

   Rural

:

7.8

   Urban

:

5.3

   Infant Mortality Rate (SRS)

 

:

(per 1000 live Births)

15

   Rural

:

18

   Urban

:

12

   Expectation of life at Birth

 

 

 

 

   Male

:

2014-18

Age in Years

70.20

   Female

:

74.20

                                     Sample Registration System September 2015 Bulletin 

4  RAINFALL

 

         Normal

:

2018-19

In mm.

959.9

         Actual

:

698.8

 

 5  AGRICULTURE

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Extent

    Total Cultivated Area

:

2018-19

Fasli: 1428

Ha.

 

5672086

    Net Area Sown

:

 

4582422

    Area Sown more than once

:

 

1089664

         

 Area and Production of Principal Crops 2018-19 (Fasli: 1428)

 

Name of the

Crops

Area (Ha)

(in '000)

Production  

('000 Tonnes)

Yield Rate

 (In Kg/Ha)

1. Paddy (Rice)

           1721

          6132

       3562

2. Cholam (Jowar)

386

464

1204

3. Maize

391

2834

7257

4. Greengram

170

77

451

5. Blackgram

441

274

622

6. Groundnut (Dry Pods)

335

911

2716

7. Coconut (lakh Nuts)-

     (Yield rate : nuts/ha.) 

440

41

8865

8. Cotton

    (bales of 170 Kg. lint each) (Yield rate : terms of lint) 

135

320

404

9. Sugarcane (Cane)

    (Yield rate :tonnes / ha.) 

166

17096

103

10. Mango

147

524

3563

11. Banana

88

3485

39817

 

6 IRRIGATION  

 

Net Area Irrigated

:

 2018-19

Ha

2565452

    Government Canals

:

636063

    Private Canals

:

0

    Tanks

:

321947

    Tube Wells and others

:

516336

    Open Wells

:

1086587

    Other Sources

:

4519

Gross Area Irrigated

:

3183232

Area Irrigated more than once

:

617780

 

7  ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Veterinary Institutions

    Veterinary Hospitals

:

2018-19

Nos.

143

    Veterinary Dispensaries

:

2701

    Clinician Centres

:

17

    Poly Clinics

:

12

Livestock and Poultry Population

    Cow

:

As per 19th Livestock Census 2012

Nos.

 

8814042

    Buffaloes

:

780431

    Sheep

:

4786680

    Goat

:

8143341

    Poultry

:

117348894

 

8 DAIRY DEVELOPMENT

 

         Union Dairies

:

2018-19

Nos.

18

         Federation Dairies

:

5

         Milk Chilling Plants

:

34

         Functional Milk Producers Co-Op Societies

:

12585

 

9 FISHERIES

 

         Length of Coastal Line

:

2018-19

KM

1076

         Coastal Districts

:

Nos.

13

         Coastal Blocks

:

25

         Marine Fishing Villages

:

608

         Estimated Marine Fish Production

:

Lakh tonnes

5.21

         Inland Fish Production

:

1.69

      

10 FORESTS

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Forest Area

2018-19

In Sq.Km

 22877

    Reserved Forests

:

19459

    Reserved Lands

:

 2152

    Unclassified Forests

:

1266

Out-turn of Forest Produce   

2018-19

Metric Tonnes

-

    Teak Wood

:

(M3)

7820

    Firewood

:

Metric Tonnes

5890.1

    Total Pulpwood (Eucalyptus Hybrid)

:

5940

    Sandalwood(Sapwood)

:

320.650

    Sandalwood (Heart Wood)

:

21.500

    Babul Dry

:

3280

    Cashew

:

116.50

    Tamarind

:

380.600

    Others Major Produce  (if any)

 

 

(M3)

96.600

    Other Minor Forest Produce

:

158.300

 

11 ELECTRICITY

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Gross Generation of Electricity 

:

2018-19

MUs

 113790

    Thermal & Gas,Wind Mill Generation 

:

27856

    Hydro

:

5472

    Power Purchased (Central+Private)+cpp

:

80462

 

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Consumption of Electricity 

:

2018-19

MUs

113495

    Agriculture

:

13064

    Industry (Including Traction)

:

36028

    Commercial

:

10282

    Domestic

:

26996

    Public Lighting & Water works              

:

1399.61

    Miscellaneous

:

5411

 

    Rural Electrification

  

    Villages Electrified

:

2018-19

Nos.

15979

    Habitations Electrified

 :

 

 

      79317

 

12 INDUSTRIES AND LABOUR

         

           Micro Small Medium Enterprises

2018-19

(No unit)

233954

v Employment

:

(In Nos)

1533804

v Investment 

:

Rs. in Lakhs

3007885

v Value of Production

:

-

    Registered Factories

:

31.12.2018

 Nos.

43078

    Working Factories

:

29838

    Estimated Workers

:

2736100

    Mandays Worked 

:

 

Labour

 

 

    Registered Trade Unions

:

As on 31.12.18

No.

143

    Strikes

:

20

    Mandays Lost

:

175180

    Lockouts

:

4

    Mandays Lost

:

94490

  

                  13 KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES 2018-19

  

Khadi and Village Industries

Production

(Rs. in Lakh)

Sales

(Rs. in Lakh)

Khadi Industries

 

 

    Cotton & Muslin Khadi

3713.09

7456.91

    Woollen Khadi

0

86.43

    Silk Khadi

10024.99

       9744.24

    Polyvastra

942.81

1098.30

Khadi - Total

14680.89

18385.88

Village Industries

354814.51

436544.50

Grand Total

369495.40

454930.30

 

 14 MEDICAL AND HEALTH (Govt.)

     1.Modern Medicine  

              

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

    Hospitals

:

2018-19 

Nos.

387*

    Dispensaries

:

238

    Mobile Medical Units

:

416

    Primary Health Centres

:

1806#

    Health Sub Centres 

:

8713

    Beds Strength

:

91312

    Doctors

:

18823

    Total Nurses

:

37815

    Nurses (DME)

:

7676

    Nurses (DMS & RHS)

:

7845

    Nurses (ESI)

:

524

    Nurses (DPH)

:

19778

                 * ESI Hospital at K.K.Nagar, Chennai-78 is functioning under the Control of ESI Corporation, New Delhi.

                         # urban primary health center in department of public health and preventive medicine  Chennai-6

 

 14 MEDICAL AND HEALTH (Govt.) Contd.

2.Indian Medicine

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

  Hospitals

:

As on 01.01.2019

Nos.

7

  Dispensaries and Mobile Medical Units  

:

76

  Wings attached to Medical College Hospitals, District  Head Quarters Hospitals, Taluk and Non Taluk Hospitals 

:

402

  Wings attached to Primary Health Centres  

:

447

  Under National Rural Health Mission  

:

418

  Beds in Hospitals and Dispensaries

 

1360

  Doctors-Regular (Sanctioned)

:

1074

  Doctors- NRHM

:

418

  Nurses

:

107

    

3.   Homeopathy

 

  Hospitals

:

As on 01.01.2019

Nos.

1

  Dispensaries and Mobile Medical Units  

:

5

  Wings attached to Medical College Hospitals, District Head Quarters Hospitals, Taluk and Non-Taluk Hospitals 

:

37

  Wings attached to PHCs

:

6

  Under National Rural Health Mission  

:

57

  Beds in Hospitals and Dispensaries  

:

50

  Doctors-Regular (Sanctioned)

:

57

  Doctors- NRHM

 

 

 

57

  Nurses

:

-

 

  15 EDUCATION

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Universities (as per UGC list)

:

2018-19

Nos.

61

Arts and Science Colleges

:

1547

Colleges for Professional Education

v Medicine

 

         Medical (Govt. only)

:

2018-19

Nos.

23

 

         Dental (Govt. only)

:

1

 

         Pharmacy  

:

4

 

         Physiotherapy

:

2

 

v  Nursing-B.Sc.

:

23

 

v  Occupational Therapy(2016-17)

:

1

 

v  Indian Medicine Institutions (D.Pharm to B.Pharm & Post   Basic B.Sc. (Nursing) (2016-17) 

:

93

v Engineering and Technology Institutions  

:

585

v Polytechnic Colleges

:

520

v Agriculture

:

41

    Veterinary and Fisheries

:

6

    Law Colleges

:

9+2**

v Colleges for special Education (2017-18)

:

749 

v Schools for Professional Education  ( 2017-18)

:

304

v Schools for Special Education (2017-18)

:

112

v Institutions for Other Professional Education(2014-15)

:

1707

Schools for General Education

:

58738

         Higher Secondary Schools

:

7809

         High Schools

:

5796

         Middle Schools

:

9480

          Primary Schools

:

35649

                        ** Central law college at Sri Rangam and Selam

  

16 ROAD AND TRANSPORT-2018-19 

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

1. Road Length

 

 

 

 

     National Highways

:

2019

Kilo Metres

5381

     State Highways

:

2018-19

        59405

     Corporation &Municipalities Roads

:

23464.607

     Panchayat Union  & Village Panchayat  Roads

:

149919

     Town Panchayat Roads

:

25306

     Others (Forest Road)

:

2014-15

3348

2. Registered Motor Vehicles

    Commercial

:

2018-19

In Lakhs

12.64

    Non-Commercial

:

264.24

3. Railways 

v  Route Length

:

2018-19

Kilo Metre

3850.13

    Broad Gauge

:

3602.76

    1. Electrified

:

2206.36

    2. Non-Electrified

:

1396.40

    Metre Gauge

:

247.37

    1. Electrified

:

0

    2. Non-Electrified

:

247.37

v  Track Length (Incl. Sidings)

:

6540.48

    Broad Gauge

:

6281.49

    1. Electrified

:

4484.37

    2. Non-Electrified

:

1797.12

  Metre Gauge

:

258.99

    1. Electrified

:

0

    2. Non-Electrified

:

258.99

   Railway Stations

:

Nos.

520

   Broad Gauge

:

497

   Metre Gauge

:

22

   Broad Gauge and Metre Gauge Combined

:

1

4. Sea Ports  and Air Ports

:

2018-19

Nos.

18

    Major Ports

:

3

    Minor Ports

:

15

    Air Ports

 

6


 

17 COMMUNICATION 2018-19

 

1. Post and Telegraph

 

 

 

 

  Post Offices doing postal  business alone

:

2016-17

Nos.

11877

2. Telephones*

 

2018-19

   

    Telephones in Use

:

907733

    Public Call Offices

:

29082

    Local

:

21877

    STD

:

6789

    Highways

:

416

    Telephone Exchanges

:

2006

3. No. of Cellular Phones in use*

:

9858182

4.No. of WLL Phones in use*

:

Service  Closed

5. Internet Service

:

                    370747

* Chennai Telephones and BSNL in Tamil Nadu Circle Only 

 

18 CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

 

    Primary Agrl. Co-op Credit Societies

:

2018-19

Nos.

4450

    Primary Co-op Agri. & Rural Dev. Bank

:

179

      Co-op Urban Banks

:

115

    Employees C.T. & Credit Societies

:

1485

v Urban  Employees Co-op Stores

:

233

v Student Stores

:

623

v Agrl. Producers Co-op Mktg. Societies

 

 

 

103

v Other type Co-op Societies

 

 

 

442

    Total

 

 

 

7630

 

19 REGISTRATIONS

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

       District Registrar Offices

:

2018-19

Nos.

50

     Receipts   (Stamp Duty+    Registration Fees

        and Other Receipts)

:

Rs.in Cr.

11071.02

                   

20 COMMERCIAL TAXES

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

         Registered Dealers

:

2018-19

No. in Lakh

9.53

       1. State Authority

 

6.22

       2. Central Authority

 

3.31

         Assessees

:

8.44

       1. State Authority

 

5.75

       2. Central Authority

 

2.69

    Percentage of Assessees to Dealers

 

 

 

 

       1. State Authority

 

2018-19

%

92.44

       2. Central Authority

 

%

81.27

    Revenue  TNGS

:

2018-19

Rs. in Cr.

132.86

    Value Added Tax (VAT)+Non-VAT+VAT others

:

368.25

    CST

:

240.75

    Entertainment Tax

:

1.22

    Entry Tax

:

2.85

    Luxury Tax

:

3.31

    Others (Betting)

 

-

 

21 HOUSING

Residential houses constructed by  

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

Police Housing  Corporation Ltd.

:

2018-19

No

1810

Tamil Nadu Housing  Board

:

2053

Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board 

:

53267

                             

22 SOCIAL WELFARE

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

v  Old age Pensioners (as on 31.03.2019)

:

2018-19

Nos.

1257478

v  Marriage Assistance Schemes (as Beneficiaries)

 

2018-19

Nos.

120230

         Moovalur Ramamirtham Ammaiyar Ninaivu

          Marriage Assistance Scheme.

:

2018-19

111593

         E.V.R. Maniammaiyar Ninaivu Marriage Assistance

          Scheme for Daughter of poor widows.

:

5578

         Dr. Dharmambal Ammaiyar Ninaivu Widow 

          Remarriage Assistance Scheme

:

32

         Annai Theresa Ninaivu Marriage Assistance

          Scheme for Orphan Girls

:

683

         Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy Ninaivu Inter-Caste

          Marriage Assistance Scheme

:

          2344

 

 23 NUTRITIOUS MEAL PROGRAMME CENTRES

 

    P.T.M.G.R Noon Meal Scheme (Rural & Urban)

:

2018-19

Nos.

43143

    W.B. I.C.D.S.III Project (C.N.C.)

:

54439

 

  24 REVENUE ADMINISTRATION

 

         Revenue Districts

:

2018-19

Nos.

  32

         Revenue Divisions

:

87

         Revenue Taluks

:

 305

         Revenue Firkas

:

1190

         Revenue Villages

:

16688

 

 25 LOCAL BODIES

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

    Corporations

:

2018-19

Nos.

15

    Municipalities

:

121

    Panchayat Unions

:

385

    Town Panchayats

:

528

    District Panchayats

:

31

    Village Panchayats

:

 12524

    No. of Habitations

:

79394

  

26 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

  

Covered by Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yogana

    Total No. of Self Help Groups

:

2018

Nos. in lakhs

6.57

    Total No. of Members

:

---

 

98.41

 

 27 POLICE AND PRISONS

               

v  Police (as on 31.12.2018)

 

 

 

 

    Sanctioned Strength of Police (Actual)

:

31.12.2018

Nos.

110186

    Police Stations

:

1546

    All Women Police Stations

:

201

    Police Outposts

:

27

v  Prisons

 

 

 

 

    Central Prisons

:

2018-19

9

    State Prisons for Women

:

2018-19

5

    Other  Prisons

:

 2018-19  

124

 

28 LEGISLATURE

 

v  Members of the Legislative Assembly

    Elected

:

2016

Nos.

234

    Nominated  (Anglo-Indian Member)

:

1

v  Nbm,Members of Parliament  From Tamil Nadu

    (Lok Sabha)              

:

2019

39

v  Members of  Rajya Sabha

:

 

18

    

29 BANKS AND LIFE INSURANCE

 

v  Bank Offices

:

2018-19

Nos.

10873

v  State Bank Group

:

 

}

6511

    Nationalised Banks

:

 

 

    Private Sector Banks

:

3426

    Regional Rural Banks

:

630

    Foreign Banks

:

33

v  Life Insurance Corporation of  India in Tamil Nadu

    Offices /Branch

:

2018-19

Nos.

176

    Policies Issued 

:

 

1261320

    Sum Assured 

:

Rs. in Cr.

35120.76

    First Premium Income

:

2694.74

 

30 INDEX NUMBERS

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

v  Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers                   (Base Year 2001=100)

       

    Chennai

 

 2018-19 

Index No.

272

   Tiruchirappalli

:

292

    Madurai

:

285

    Coimbatore

:

279

    Coonoor

:

312

    Salem

:

284

    Tamil Nadu-2018-19

:

287

    All India-2018-19

:

300

Wholesale Price Index Number for all Commodities

  (1970-71=100) (Upto Sep 2018 )      

:

2018-19

3302.20

Consumer Price Index Number for Urban Tamil Nadu         

    (2012=100) (Upto August 2019 ) Composite Index 

:

2018-19

145.2

Consumer Price Index Number for Rural Tamil Nadu    

    (2012=100)  (Upto August 2019) Composite Index 

:

146.75

Index Nos. of Industrial Production 

    (Base Year 2011-12 =100)    

 

2018-19

127.1

v  Index Nos. of Building Construction Cost 

            (Base year1999-00=100) 

         Building Material Cost

:

2018-19

Index No.

401.39

         Labour Cost

:

557.42

         Other Charges Cost

:

443.53

         Building Cost Index

:

455.37

 

31 STATE INCOME (A.E.P)

(Base Year 2011-12) (Rs  in Lakhs)

 

 

 

Ref. Year

Unit

Figure

v  Gross State Domestic Product at Current Prices 

:

2018-19

 

Rs. in  Lakhs

166415933

v  Gross State Domestic Product at Constant Prices 

:

120752554

v  Percapita Income(NSDP)               

 

 

 

 

    At Current Price

:

In Rupee

            193750

    At Constant Price

:

138805

   

32    STATE FINANCE BUDGET ESTIMATE

 

    Revenue Account

 

 

 

 

    Receipts

:

2018-19 (BE)

Rs. in Lakhs

176251.48

Disbursement

:

193742.06

Surplus (+)

:

-17490.58

    Capital Account

 

 

    Receipts

:

63258.98

    Disbursement

:

47910.66

    Surplus (+)

:

      +15348.32

    Total Transaction (Net)

:

-222.28

    Receipt on Revenue Account by Principal Heads  

  Tax Revenue

:

14432350.13

    Share from Central Taxes (Acct. No. 

      20,21,28,32,37,38,44 & 45)

:

3170709

    State Own Tax Revenue

:

11261641.13

  Non-Tax Revenue

:

3192797.96

    State Own Non Tax Revenue

:

1130110.71

    Grants in Aid from Central

:

2062687.25

   Total Revenue Receipts

:

17625148.09

Expenditure on Revenue Account by Principal Heads

  Development Expenditure

:

2018-19

(BE)

Rs. in Lakhs

10674337.92

    Social Services

:

6899861.75

    Economic Services

:

3774476.17

  Non-Development Expenditure

:

7100575.83

    Compensation & Assignments to Local Bodies and 

      Panchayat Raj

:

1599292.56

    Total Revenue Expenditure

:

19374206.31

 

33  EMPLOYMENT

 

v  Working of Employment Exchanges

    Employment Exchange Offices

:

As on 31.03.2019

Nos.

37

    Registration during the year

:

1096884

    Placements during the year

:

3948

    Nos. on the Live Register

:

7312390

 

34  EMPLOYMENT IN PUBLIC SECTOR

 

  • Central Government

:

As on 31.12.2019

Nos.

374352

  • State Government

:

449532

  • Central Quasi Government

:

31552

  • State Quasi Government

:

29055

  • Local Bodies

:

73961

 

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