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Table 1: Post Tsunami Reconstruction Needs (US$ million)

Short term Medium term Total
Andhra Pradesh   26.0   46.6     72.6
Kerala   83.8   73.9   157.7
Tamil Nadu 248.6 619.7   868.3
Pondicherry   41.6   72.8   114.4
TOTAL (by Sectors) 400.0 813.0 1,213.0
Housing * 160.0 329.0   489.0
Health and Education   11.9     5.5     17.4
Agriculture and Livestock   10.4   11.3     21.7
Fisheries   54.5 229.6   284.1
Micro enterprises and other   70.6 108.1   178.7
Rural and municipal infrastructure   23.5   74.0     97.5
Transportation   41.5   27.7     69.2
Coastal protection   19.5   18.6     38.1
Hazard and risk Management     8.1     9.2     17.3


A standard size of a house was taken to be 200 sq. ft. in Andhra Pradesh, 250 sq. ft. in Tamil Nadu, 430 sq. ft. in Kerala and 300 sq. ft. in Pondicherry. The estimate includes housing related infrastructure such as water connections, sanitation and internal roads.


Table 2: Reconstruction Assistance by Agency / Institution


Agency / Institution Andhra Pradesh Kerala Tamil Nadu Pondicherry
Government Housing and boats Land acquisition, housing, boats
NGOs Housing Housing and boats Housing
ADB  
Reconstruction of ports, rural and municipal infrastructure ( except rural water supply), roads, micro enterprises
Reconstruction of ports, rural and municipal infrastructure, micro -enterprises
 
UN   Hazard risk management, health services and primary education
IFAD    
Livelihood rehabilitation in affected coastal fisheries
 
World Bank
Revitalizing affected fisheries and micro – enterprises, reconstruction of rural & municipal infrastructure
Rural Water Supply
Reconstruction of housing, public buildings and highways, and limited support in restoration of agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry and fisheries infrastructure
Reconstruction of housing, fisheries infrastructure and restoration of agriculture