In the aftermath of tsunami disaster on 26.12.2004, Government have
sanctioned plethora of relief and rehabilitation measures with the aid of
Government of India and Externally aided Agencies viz., World Bank and Asian
Development Bank supported by NGOs in the initial stage of relief.
The objective is to provide immediate relief and long term rehabilitation;
to convert the traumatic challenge into an opportunity and
create-environment friendly and safe habitations; to provide livelihood
options with specific focus on the empowerment of the vulnerable sections of
the society especially women; to enhance the effectiveness of the community
to face disasters in the future and to obtain sustainable and lasting
outcomes by forging strong public-private partnerships.
The Government of Tamil Nadu with the following strategic intent paved way
for the realizing the objectives under long term rehabilitation.
• Reconstruct damaged and vulnerable houses using disaster resistant
• Undertake vulnerability mapping to locate new habitations in safer
• Create new sustainable livelihood options in harmony with environment.
• From SHGs, especially for the weaker sections to empower them.
• Build capacity of coastal communities to cope more effectively with
• Restore coastal ecology.
• Provide better physical infrastructure.
• Address psychological trauma and educational needs of children for an
The Government of India also ably supported the initiative of Government of
Tamil Nadu. Besides providing funds, it also set up a Core Group Committee
and an Inter-Ministerial Central Team, a Joint Assessment Mission with the
participation of Multilateral Funding Institutions such as World Bank, Asian
Development Bank, United Nations and Commonwealth Agencies, to facilitate
assessment, development, implementation and monitoring of the immediate
short and long term programmes and to provide the necessary guidance and
In order to implement the above, it was decided to establish an exclusive
unit office to plan, coordinate, review and monitor these projects and also
for managing and judicious distribution of huge funds received from the
Externally Aided Agencies / Government of India / Government of Tamil Nadu
running to Rs. 5280.75 crores ** (break up of funds given as note),
Government in G.O.Ms.No.418, Revenue, dated 20.7.2005 have sanctioned
the establishment of Project Management Unit headed by the Project Director
viz., Officer on Special Duty (RR) who will be also function as a Project
Director, Office of the Revenue Administration, Disaster Management and
Mitigation Department, Chennai. Further, the supporting staffs along with
the following specialists were also appointed on contract basis to assist
the Project Director /
Project Management Units / Project Implementing Units covering the following
1. Environment Analysis
2. Social Management
5. Finance and Accounts
6. Quality Assurance and Technical Audit
7. Information Technology
8. Monitoring and Evaluation
9. Water Supply and Sanitation
(Aid from Government of India – Rs. 2347.19 crore, Prime Minister’s
National Relief Fund Rs.304.99 crore, World Bank Rs. 1959.10 crore, Asian
Development Bank Rs. 629.64 crore, Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction Rs.
16.70 crore, Member of Parliament Local Area Development Fund Rs. 23.13
The Specialists are either individuals or firms who will be appointed on the
basis of the guidelines of the respective funding agencies. Besides regular
staff were also appointed for general administrative purposes in
G.O.Ms.No.58, Revenue (NC III) Department, dated 5.2.2005.
The Project Management Unit will be responsible for the overall management
of the projects funded by the Externally Aided Agencies and Government of
India / Government of Tamil Nadu
The establishment of Project Management Unit acted as a catalyst in
implementing the various relief and response measures in the long run. The
unit also buttressed the concept of replicating the models developed under
long term rehabilitation, which latently had the theme of overall disaster
risk reduction. Further, many lessons were learnt during the last few years
in response and mitigation efforts. The unit also catered to establishment
of new trends in rehabilitation strategies adopted for coordination,
empowerment of local officers, the housing reconstruction policy and the
livelihood and social support measures formulated by GoTN time and again.
Besides, the unit also had a role in pioneering symbiotic relationships with
various stakeholders in disaster risk reduction / community development with
initiatives like livelihood, better building standards, safety drills for
fishermen, special schemes for the vulnerable like the differently abled
persons, orphaned children etc., and in understanding the coastal habitat.
The unprecedented attention on the coastal communities especially fishermen
has led to far reaching changes in their living standards and facilities
available for them in terms of education, health and landing facilities. The
efforts taken by Project Management Unit in tandem with the Implementing
Agencies with the support of NGOs have gingered up the expectations for
managing the natural disasters in future with fortitude.
To galvanize the theme of disaster risk reduction in all developmental
initiatives, based on the review taken by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of
Tamil Nadu in June 2006, the Project Management Unit is taking up an
ambitious programme to reconstruct poorly constructed houses in the
vulnerable rural areas in coastal districts with funding from Government of
India (RGRP) and World Bank (Restructured ETRP-VRCC Project). The above
programme also envisage providing evacuation shelters, evacuation routes and
early warning systems will be undertaken to comprehensively build safer