Urban Hygiene and Sanitations
The Town Panchayats are taking action to locate the open places which are used for letting of urine and sight soil. The said open places which are nearer to Schools/Markets/Water Supply Sources/ Other important places such as Temples, should not be allowed for letting of urine and sight soil. So, the public are advice to go letting or urine in the public conveyance or Pay and use Toilets to avoid the diseases.
The action being taken to identify the places where open defecation to prevalent and to provide infrastructure facilities to stop open defecation and necessary action may be taken in each Town Panchayat to declare certain slums, wards, schools as " fully sanitised area" in a phased manner.
In order to create public awareness on Urban Hygiene and Sanitation, the Executive Officer's concerned have been instructed to issue necessary pamphlets / to install Name Boards reiterating, the following points to touch minds of the public.
1. Avoid open places used as urinals,
2. Avoid accumulation of waste,
3. Avoid dumping of waste,
4. Create awareness among children using Toilets & Sanitation in general.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
One of the major problems we face today is the "Management" of solid wastes arising out of domestic, commercial and industrial activities. Due to the increase in packaging of consumer/commercial products and explosion of industrial growth, the local authorities, though committed, are unable to cope with their disposal. In order to contain this menace, the Ministry of Environment and Forests has formulated a set of rules with regard to 'Management and handling' of Urban area solid wastes.
COLLECTION OF SOLID WASTE
To prohibit littering and facilitate compliance, the following steps shall be taken by the Town Panchayat authority: -
I. Organising house-to-house collection (Community bin collection or at pre-informed timings or by using musical bell ringing vehicle);
II. Devising collection of wastes from slums and squatter areas or localities (hotels, office & commercial complexes);
III. Wastes from slaughter house & markets are biodegradable in nature, shall be managed to make use of such wastes;
IV. Bio-medical wastes and Industrial wastes shall not be mixed with urban solid and such wastes shall follow the rules separately specified for the purpose;
V. Collected wastes from residential areas and other areas shall be transferred to community bin by hand-driven containerised carts or other small vehicles;
VI. Horticultural and construction or demolition wastes or debris shall be separately collected and disposed off as per norms;
VII. Wastes shall not be burnt;
VIII. Stray animals shall not be allowed to move around waste storage facilities or other places and shall be managed in accordance with the State laws.
SEGREGATION OF SOLID WASTE
In order to encourage the citizens, Town Panchayats authority shall organise awareness programmes for segregation of wastes and shall promote recycling or reuse of segregation
STORAGE OF SOLID WASTE
i) Storage facilities shall be created and established by taking into account quantities of waste generation in a given area and the population densities. A storage facility shall be so placed that it is accessible to users.
ii) Storage facilities to be set up by Town Panchayats authorities or any other agency shall be so designed that wastes stored are not exposed to open atmosphere and shall be so designed that wastes stored are not exposed to open atmosphere and shall be aesthetically acceptable and user friendly
iii) Storage facilities or 'bins' shall have 'easy to operate' design for handling, transfer and transportation of waste. Bins for storage of bio-degradable wastes shall be painted green, those for storage of recyclable wastes shall be painted white and those for storage of other wastes shall be painted black
iv) Manual handling of wastes shall be prohibited. If unavoidable due to constraints, manual handling shall be carried out under proper precaution with due care for safety of workers.
PROCESSING OF SOLID WASTE
i) The biodegradable wastes shall be processed by composting, vermicomposting, anaerobic digestion or any other appropriate biological processing for stablisation of wastes.
ii) Mixed waste containing recoverable resources shall follow the route of recycling. Incineration with or without energy recovery including pellitisation can also be used for processing wastes in specific cases.
DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
Land filling shall be restricted to non-biodegradable, inert waste and other waste that are not suitable either for recycling or for biological processing. Land filling shall also be carried out for residues of waste processing facilities as well as pre-processing rejects from waste processing facilities as processing facilities.