Viluppuram District lies between 11 38 25N and 12 20 44 S 78 15 00 W and 79 42 55 E with an area of 7222.03 Hec. It was carved out from the South Arcot District on 30.09.1993 and was rehristened as Viluppuram District. The residual part of the erstwhile South Arcot district was named as Cuddalore District.
It is surrounded on East and South by Cuddalore District. The West by Salem and Dharmapuri District and on the North by Thiruvannamalai and Kanchipuram District.
School education facilities are available in this district through 1777 primary schools ( including nursery schools) 311 Middle schools, 150 High Schools, 100 Higher Sechoondary Schools. Regarding higher education Arts Colleges, engineering Colleges, Poly-Techniques, Industrial Training Institute and Teacher Training Institutes are available in this district. The Government has run hostels for boys and girls for SC., ST., MBC and Backward classes.
The Literacy rate of Viluppuram District is 64.7 percentage Compared to the State figure of 73.47 percentage in the year 2001.
The chief food crops of Viluppuram district are paddy, Cholam, Ragi, Cumbu, Redgram. Blackgram, Horsegram and Varage. The chief cash crops are Sugarcane, Groundnut, Cotton, Casurina and Coconut.
In Viluppuram District 21 Hospitals are functioning to look after the Health and Family welfare of the people. Out of this 10 Hospitals come under allopathy, 9 under Siddha and 2 under Homeopathy, with staff strength of 140 Doctors, 149 Nurses and 279 Technical persons. The Network also includes 2 Allopathy dispensaries, 1 Siddha dispensary, 80 Primary health centres and 557 Health sub-centres. One mobile medical team fulfils the medical need of the people of Kalvarayan Hills.
The rivers in the district are not perennial. The Pennaiyar is the principal river and the other important rivers are Komugi, Manimuktha, Kedilam, Malattar, Sankaraparani and Varaganathi. The major source of irrigation are by tube wells and open dugwells. The river irrigation account for less than 4.3 percentage of total irrigated area. The district largely depend on ground water, lakes and tanks for irrigation.
Viluppuram district is developing in the industrial sector. The Sugar industry is the major industry in the district. There are 4 sugar factories at Mundiyampakkam, Periasevalai, Kacharapalliyam, Mungailthuraipattu. In the area of small schale industries there are 67 Rice mills, 17 Sago factories 5 Rice bran oil extracting units and 8 Cotton Ginning Mills. Besides this mineral water, ceramics, automobile workshop are also running in the district.
Major minerals produced, in the district includes Black granite, Blue metals, River sand etc. There is no Industrial estate in the district and when compared to the population the industrial establishments are quite inadequate to meet out the job requirement of the educated youth.